Diabetes mellitus is an illness defined by the body’s inability to regulate high blood sugar. The most common type of diabetes is Type II diabetes, which occurs when the body is either resistant to insulin or otherwise does not produce enough insulin to manage blood glucose levels. A person may be pre-diabetic for many years before developing the disease. Adults who are diabetic and pre-diabetic should see Vail Medical Center and Weightloss for frequent check-ups, glucose monitoring and active disease management.
Did you know more than 29 people in the U.S. are living with diabetes? Of those, more than 1 in 4 have not yet been diagnosed and are not receiving treatment for the condition. A person with diabetes in Vail or Tucson needs managed care to help prevent the condition from worsening. Without it, an untreated diabetic may be at increased risk for severe complications, such as nerve damage, kidney damage, blindness, heart disease and skin infections.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The initial symptoms of diabetes may be subtle, allowing many people to live completely unaware of the disease. Some of the most common symptoms include frequent urination, exceptional thirst, fatigue, blurred vision, weight gain, gum disease, and numbness or tingling in the hands and feet. Some people may also notice cuts, bruises or other minor wounds that do not heal as quickly as they once did.
What are the risk factors for diabetes?
The single biggest risk factor for developing Type II diabetes in Vail and Tucson is being overweight. Nearly all patients who are diagnosed with the disease are overweight at the time of diagnosis, and more than half are obese. Abdominal fat presents the highest risk and is considered far more dangerous than the subcutaneous fat that accumulates just beneath the skin. Other risk factors include a family history of diabetes, advanced age and being of African American or South Asian descent.
How will my Vail internal medicine physician treat my diabetes?
Lifestyle changes are the most effective means of managing diabetes, as many patients are capable of achieving long-term glucose management simply by losing weight and adopting a healthier lifestyle. However, it is important to continue monitoring blood sugar levels and seeing a physician for disease management. In many cases, individuals with Type II diabetes require medical intervention, such as anti-diabetic drugs and insulin therapy.